Latest News & Updates

Community lawyers call for public health approach to compliance with directions during circuit breaker lockdown

As a group of community lawyers, we call on the Victorian Government to adopt a public health-based response that encourages COVID safe behaviour and compliance with the latest lockdown circuit breaker restrictions.

We believe a public health response should not heavily rely again on the use of fines during this circuit breaker lockdown.

During the earlier lockdowns we saw certain groups within the community, already being over policed, being much more likely to be fined. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were at least  five times more likely than non-Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people to be fined. People living in lower socio-economic areas were twice as likely to be fined, and people born in East Africa and young people were also overrepresented in those people issued COVID fines.

Adopting a public health-based response that uses education and warnings to help people

understand and comply with health advice  is more effective and compassionate than issuing fines.

We welcome the education approach recently taken by Victoria Police in its compliance crackdown to ensure community members are wearing masks on public transport. Police handed out masks to commuters and would only fine where someone refused to wear a mask without a valid reason for not wearing one.

We know from earlier lockdowns that fines don’t keep the community safe: masks, social distancing and vaccinations will.

It is more effective to provide assistance to comply with directions, asking people ‘how we can help you follow the restrictions?’ rather than ‘are you breaking them?’

Children under 18 should be warned and referred to community supports and education to address barriers to good COVID safe health.

Fines should only to be used as a last resort.

Unfortunately, in earlier lockdowns the public health response relied heavily on use of fines – with over 40,000 fines being issued. Around 90% of COVID fines issued to date have not been paid. Many people we assist are in a financial positon that means they will never be able to repay such excessive fines.

Even though government has halved the amount of COVID fines for under 18s, most children will still not be able to pay and will instead accumulate stressful debt.  If unpaid, there is the risk that these young people will be pulled into the justice system.

There is a risk that vulnerable people saddled with these crushing fines will be left behind in COVID-19 recovery.


Fitzroy Legal Service

Inner Melbourne Legal Centre

Victorian Aboriginal Legal Service

Barwon Community Legal Service

Springvale Monash Legal Service Inc

Media Contact:  For interviews or media requests, Tiffany Overall, Youthlaw or 0400 903034 or Alana Schetzer, Communications Advisor, Youthlaw

Welcome announcement by Victorian Government to strengthen police integrity

We welcome the announcement today by the Victorian Government to strengthen police integrity. We wait for the detail but call for significant investment in IBAC to enable them to conduct independent investigations of not only corrupt police but also those who abuse their powers and mistreat the public.

Independent investigation of serious complaints against police are long overdue . The Victorian cross parliamentary Inquiry into the Police Complaints system in 2019 recommended IBAC be expanded with funding & powers to independently investigate serious police complaints . The Victorian Government  in December 2019 accepted this and all recommendations of the Inquiry.

Youthlaw and others who have monitored treatment by police of vulnerable Victorians commend this important step to ensure police interactions with the community are of the highest standard and accountable .

Recent press coverage of a significant number of incidents where police mistreated usually highly vulnerable people , has highlighted the need for police to be held more accountable .

Currently 99% of complaints to police whether serious or not are all handled and investigated internally in Victoria Police.  Police have enormous powers including handling of weaponry and charging citizens. These powers need to be overseen and monitored to ensure they are not misused.

The vast majority of police demonstrate skill & compassion in the interactions with the public . For those who do the right thing ,those who don’t must be held accountable & weeded out.

Over 20 years we have seen young people mistreated by police but unwilling to complain because of fear of repercussion either by local police or in the court .  This needs to change .

Ariel Couchman

CEO Young People’s Legal Rights Centre

Mobile : 0438812937

( note unavailable today 7-5-21 from 10.30 to 12 & 2-3pm )

Ariel Couchman


Youth Coalition support spent convictions scheme

We the undersigned member agencies of Smart Justice for Young People, come together to express our collective support for the scheme proposed in the Spent Convictions Bill.

Smart Justice for Young People – a coalition of over 50 social services, health, legal, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander, youth advocacy organisations and academic experts – has been advocating for a spent conviction scheme in Victoria for many years. Spent convictions are those convictions that have reached a set period (i.e. 10 years for an adult offence and 5 years for a child offence) and are removed so they no longer show on an individual’s police criminal record check. Such a scheme is designed to reduce the damaging effect old criminal records can have on people looking for employment, as well as when they try to secure housing or apply for volunteer work.

Victoria is the only state or territory in Australia that does not have a spent convictions scheme.  Victoria Police currently have discretion about whether to disclose convictions.

The Spent Conviction Bill currently being debated in the upper house of Victorian Parliament. The Bill proposes that some convictions will be spent automatically after the set period (all offences by a young person under 15 years and minor offences of those 15 years and over) but for other more serious offences an application for approval is made to the Court to have them spent.

We confirm that the provision immediately spending convictions for children under 15 years is good public policy based on medical evidence that gives children the best chance to not be stigmatised by their past, but rather rehabilitate and move on with their lives.

We support the Bill based on the following fundamental principles:

  • Acknowledgment of the differential developmental stages and needs of children;
  • Promotion of rehabilitation and restorative responses and removal of discriminatory barriers impacting the most vulnerable in our community.

Acknowledgement of the differential developmental stages and needs of children

Under the Bill, children aged under 15 years would have their convictions spent immediately, in recognition of the fact that different approaches are needed to supporting children in comparison to adults. 

Research into brain development consistently shows that children’s brains are still developing and they are, in general, less able than adults to form good judgements.[1]

By spending convictions committed by children under 15, we acknowledge the developmental difference between adults and children and capacity for rehabilitation and change, supported by evidence and our collective work on the ground with marginalised young people.

Concerns have been raised regarding the provision of the Bill to spend convictions for children under 15 where they relate to serious offences. However we wish to highlight that offences of a serious nature committed by young people are rare,[2] rather most children are in the criminal justice system for minor offending and convictions.

In any case, even with the introduction of this scheme, children will still be sentenced within the criminal justice system in the same way and be held accountable for their offending.

It is also important to re-state that under the scheme, in order for a conviction to become eligible to be spent automatically, a period of 5 years with no serious re-offending must be completed by the child.

The provision within the Bill to ‘spend’ the convictions does not delete the convictions, they are just not disclosed for certain purposes. Under the proposed legislation, police and courts will continue to have full access to criminal histories and records which will be released when required for certain employers and third parties to make necessary risk assessments.

Promotion of rehabilitation and restorative responses and removal of discriminatory barriers impacting the most vulnerable in our community

The scheme acknowledges children’s capacity for genuine change and rehabilitation.   We emphasise that many of those who have had contact with the justice system are particularly vulnerable, having often faced multiple layers of complex disadvantage in their lives, in circumstances beyond their control. Many have a history of trauma, abuse or neglect; experience mental health problems, drug or alcohol problems; cognitive disability; and/or have had involvement with child protection services and out-of-home care.

The impact of current legislation is also particularly felt by communities that are disproportionately represented in the criminal justice system – particularly Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and culturally and linguistically diverse communities who face compounding discriminatory barriers in terms of access to employment, education and housing.

Critically this scheme will reduce the damaging impact and barriers to education, employment and housing faced by some of the most vulnerable members of our community based on their historical criminal records. The scheme will give young people the opportunity to rehabilitate, and offers a vital second chance to adults who have previously committed an offence and provide an opportunity to set their lives on a better path. 


Julie Edwards, Chief Executive Officer

Jesuit Social Services

Carmel Guerra, Chief Executive Officer

CMY (Centre for Multicultural Youth)

Emma King, Chief Executive Officer

Victorian Council of Social Service (VCOSS) 

Marius Smith, Chief Executive Officer


Andrew Bruun, Chief Executive Officer

YSAS (Youth Support – Advocacy Service)

Deb Tsorbaris, Chief Executive Officer

Centre for Excellence in Child and Family Welfare

Dr Diana Johns, Senior Lecturer in Criminology

The University of Melbourne

Dr Mark Zirnsak, Senior Social Justice Advocate
Synod of Victoria and Tasmania, Uniting Church in Australia

Meena Singh, Legal Director

Human Rights Law Centre.

Claudia Fatone, Chief Executive Officer

Fitzroy Legal Service

Melissa Hardham, Chief Executive Officer


Ariel Couchman, Chief Executive Officer


Mitty Williams Trustee

The Kimberley Foundation

[1] Cauffman, E., & Steinberg, L. (2000). (Im)maturity of judgment in adolescence: why adolescents may be less culpable than adults. Behavioral Sciences and the Law 18 (6).

[2] Australian Bureau of Statistics (2021); Crime Statistics Agency. (2019). Latest crime data – Year ending June 2019. Retrieved from

Federal ICAC well-overdue, but Victoria needs to strengthen IBAC

MEDIA RELEASE: 5 November 2020

Youthlaw welcomes the Federal Government’s proposal to establish a national anti-corruption body, but says that Victoria still needs to do more to strengthen its own Independent Broad-based Anti-corruption Commission (IBAC).

“We support the establishment of a federal oversight body, but it won’t replace the need to strengthen the anti-corruption system right here in Victoria,” said Ariel Couchman, CEO, Youthlaw.

The youth-focussed community legal centre called on the Andrews’ govermnet to fulfil it’s promise to implement the recommendation of the parliamentary cross party IBAC committee to establish independent investigation of all serious police complaints.

“The State Government has yet to fulfil that promise,” said Ms Andrews.

“Victoria needs to get its house in order when it comes to investigating police misconduct and misuse of power,” said Ms Couchman.

Youthlaw has expressed concerns that IBAC lacks the resources and power to properly investigate serious allegations of police misconduct, with most complaints against police being investigated internally by the police’s own Professional Standards Command.

A 2018 audit of the Victoria Police’s Professional Standard identified a number of concerns about PSC’s complaint handling procedures.

“If Victoria is serious about stamping out corruption and abuse of power, we must give our anti-corruption body the power it needs to be effective,” said Ms Couchman.