Pathways to Justice–Inquiry into the Incarceration Rate of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples  Australian Law Reform Commission (tabled March 2018).

The Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC) report: “Pathways to Justice–Inquiry into the Incarceration Rate of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples. In particular, the ALRC recommended that all levels of government:

“…promote justice reinvestment through redirection of resources from incarceration to prevention, rehabilitation and support, in order to reduce re-offending and the long-term economic cost of incarceration of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.”

Specifically recommendations 4.1 and 4.2 relate to justice reinvestment

 Recommendation 4–1 Commonwealth, state and territory governments should provide support for the establishment of an independent justice reinvestment body. The purpose of the body should be to promote the reinvestment of resources from the criminal justice system to community-led, place-based initiatives that address the drivers of crime and incarceration, and to provide expertise on the implementation of justice reinvestment. Its functions should include: 

· providing technical expertise in relation to justice reinvestment; 

· assisting in developing justice reinvestment plans in local sites; and 

· maintaining a database of evidence-based justice reinvestment strategies. The justice reinvestment body should be overseen by a board with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander leadership. 

 Recommendation 4–2 Commonwealth, state and territory governments should support justice reinvestment trials initiated in partnership with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, including through: 

· facilitating access to localised data related to criminal justice and other relevant government service provision, and associated costs; 

· supporting local justice reinvestment initiatives; and 

· facilitating participation by, and coordination between, relevant government departments and agencies.